The National Fire Data Center's Topical Fire Report Series explores facets of the U.S. fire problem that affect Americans in their daily lives. Primarily based on data collected through USFA's National Fire Incident Reporting System (NFIRS), each issue briefly addresses the nature and relevance of the specific fire or fire-related problem, highlights important findings, and suggests other resources to consider for further information. Each topical report also includes recent examples of fire incidents that demonstrate some of the issues addressed in the report.
U.S. Fire Administration releases annual report on firefighter fatalities
September 17, 2013 - The U.S. Fire Administration announced today the release of the report "Firefighter Fatalities in the United States in 2012."
There were 81 on-duty firefighter fatalities as a result of incidents that occurred last year. The fatalities occurred in 31 states, one territory, and one overseas military facility. A record low number of firefighter deaths were caused by heart attacks (39) but deaths caused by vehicle crashes were back up with 18 firefighters killed as the result of 14 accidents – six involving POVs, six involving apparatus, and six from two incidents involving aircraft.
NIH Updates Free Mobile App Featuring Hazardous Materials Information
WISER (Wireless Information System for Emergency Responders) is a mobile application provided by the National Library of Medicine/ National Institute of Health (NIH) to assist first responders in hazardous material incidents.First responders in general, and HAZMAT units in particular, must make many decisions quickly in handling hazardous-materials incidents.
They need accurate information about the hazardous substances, the emergency resources available, and the surrounding environmental conditions to save lives and minimize the impact on the environment and physical property. The WISER application extracts content from TOXNET’s Hazardous Substances Data Bank (HSDB), an authoritative, peer-reviewed information resource maintained by the National Library of Medicine, and places that information into the hands of those who need it most.
Delivers Hazmat Safety Info into the Hands of Emergency Responders
WASHINGTON - The U.S. Department of Transportation's Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA) today announced a free, mobile web app of its Emergency Response Guidebook 2012 (ERG). The new safety tool will provide the nation's emergency responders with fast, easily accessible information to help them manage hazardous material incidents from iPhones and Android devices.
The mobile ERG will make it easier for firefighters, police and other emergency first responders to quickly locate the information they need, thanks to an electronic word search function, and will ensure easy reading even during nighttime emergencies. The 2012 version of the ERG includes new evacuation tables for large toxic gas spills and standard response procedures for gas and liquid pipeline incidents.
New Guide on Best Practices for Emergency Vehicle Visibility
EMMITSBURG, Md. – The U.S. Fire Administration (USFA), supported by the National Institute of Justice (NIJ), and in partnership with the Cumberland Valley Volunteer Firemen’s Association’s (CVVFA) Emergency Responder Safety Institute, announces availability of a guide to help emergency services departments increase the visibility of emergency vehicles to motorists in order to keep responders safe during roadway operations.
Vehicle Marking and Technology for Increased Highway Visibility – A Reference Guide for Decision-Makers provides information on best practices in the application of various arrangements of emergency warning devices, creative use of retro reflective decal markings and other innovative designs - all with the intent of increasing the visibility of emergency vehicles to motorists approaching them.
The overall intent of the study was to identify ways to increase visibility of emergency vehicles to motorists approaching them, especially to try to limit rear-end collisions.
Click here to view report
The Role of Fire and EMS Personnel in Armed Attacks
01/03/2013 09:22 AM EST
Extraordinary efforts on the part of fire/rescue and EMS agencies have to be taken to protect first responders and achieve success in saving civilian lives when responding to scenes of violence. Deputy U.S. Fire Administrator Glenn Gaines offers universal steps to help ensure fire and EMS personnel are prepared to meet this unique and challenging threat.
FEMA Public Assistance: Local, State, Tribal and Non-Profit Organizations
The Public Assistance (PA) Grant Program has been approved for most areas impacted by the storm. The focus of FEMA's PA Grant Program is to assist with the recovery efforts involving critical infrastructures. Fire station damage, lost equipment and vehicles may be covered by this FEMA program. The USFA encourages all fire service leaders in the impacted areas of Hurricane Sandy to ensure your department damages and losses are brought to the attention of county and state emergency management officials. By notifying county and state emergency management officials, the PA Grant Program eligibility review is started.
During a recent trip by U.S. Fire Administrator Ernest Mitchell to the impacted areas of Hurricane Sandy, the Administrator was struck by the significant damage done to fire departments, their equipment and stations. The Administrator wants to ensure all fire department leaders are aware of FEMA's PA Grant Program and are in contact with local and state emergency management officials to begin a review of department needs.
The mission of the Federal Emergency Management Agency's (FEMA) Public Assistance (PA) Grant Program is to provide assistance to State, Tribal and local governments, and certain types of Private Nonprofit organizations so that communities can quickly respond to and recover from major disasters or emergencies declared by the President.
Through the PA Program, FEMA provides supplemental Federal disaster grant assistance for debris removal, emergency protective measures, and the repair, replacement, or restoration of disaster-damaged, publicly owned facilities and the facilities of certain Private Non-Profit (PNP) organizations. The PA Program also encourages protection of these damaged facilities from future events by providing assistance for hazard mitigation measures during the recovery process.
The Federal share of assistance is not less than 75% of the eligible cost for emergency measures and permanent restoration. The grantee (usually the State) determines how the non-Federal share (up to 25%) is split with the subgrantees (eligible applicants).
Eligibility - Overview of eligibility criteria and definitions
Resource and Tools - Appeal database, equipment rates, cost estimating format, performance goals, funding trends, and other resources
Office of Equal Rights - Information about the Office of Equal Rights and how to file a discrimination complaint
U. S. Department of Homeland Security Federal Emergency Management Agency Public Assistance Division 500 C Street, SW Washington, DC 20472 Telephone: (202) 646-3057 Fax: (202) 646-3363
USFA, Office of Health Affairs Release Funding Alternatives for Emergency Medical and Fire Services - Contains information on federal funding, other new and innovative funding sources
Emmitsburg, MD. – The U.S. Fire Administration (USFA), supported by the Department of Homeland Security's (DHS) Office of Health Affairs (OHA), and in partnership with the International Fire Services Training Association (IFSTA), announce the revision and release of Funding Alternatives for Emergency Medical and Fire Services .The latest edition provides the most up to date information regarding funding for local level Emergency Medical Services (EMS) and fire departments. The document includes sources of federal funding as well as other new and innovative funding sources not discussed in previous editions.
A key part of the project initiative was an enhanced study of critical funding issues for both fire and non-fire service based EMS systems. Funding is critical for the successful operation of EMS response agencies – key to this nation's homeland security.
EMS and fire departments require funding for expenses such as equipment, training, and salaries in order to provide necessary protection to their respective communities. However, with tighter budgets, less government subsidies, and fewer donations, it is becoming increasingly more difficult for fire and emergency services departments to meet greater and more complex demands for its services.
DHS/FEMA Traffic Incident Management Systems
This manual provides technical guidance and training programs in traffic incident management for fire and emergency service providers. It includes case studies of roadway incidents that have taken firefighters lives, highway scene safety survival basics, and incident command for roadway incidents.
CDC Guidelines for the Field Triage of Injured Patients
Injuries affect all Americans. They are the leading cause of death for children and adults from age 1 to 44 in the United States.
At the scene of an injury, Emergency Medical Service (EMS) professionals must identify the severity and type of injury, and determine which hospital or other facility would be the most appropriate to meet the needs of the patient. This is done through a process called “field triage.”
The profound importance of daily on-scene triage decisions made by EMS professionals is reinforced by CDC-supported research that shows that the overall risk of death was 25 percent lower when care was provided at a Level I trauma center than when it was provided at a non-trauma center.
Not all injured patients can or should be transported to a Level I trauma center. Other hospitals can effectively meet the needs of patients with less severe injuries, and may be closer to the scene. Transporting all injured patients to Level I centers—regardless of injury severity—limits the availability of Level I trauma center for those patients who really need the level of care provided at those facilities. Proper field triage ensures that patients are transported to the most appropriate healthcare facility that best matches their level of need.
The 2011 Guidelines for the Field Triage of the Injured Patient initiative is developed to give EMS leaders and professionals the tools they need to implement and adopt the 2011 Guidelines.
Source: Centers for Disease Control (CDC)
Guidelines for the Field Triage of the Injured Patients Software Application (for Apple iPhone and iPad)
This iPhone and iPad application includes questions from CDC’s MMWR 2011 Guidelines for the Field Triage of the Injured Patients: Recommendations of the National Field Triage Expert Panel Recommendations and Report and answer rationale to help EMS professionals and educators increase their knowledge of the 2011 Guidelines Decision Scheme criteria. This tool provides quick links to the Field Triage website and downloadable educational materials, continuing education, and the latest information on CDC’s Injury Center’s field triage initiative and research.