Sandy Hook Commission releases final report, recommendations
NEWTOWN–MARCH 6, 2015 - More than two years after the Sandy Hook tragedy, the panel convened to investigate the incident presented its final report to Gov. Dan Malloy. The nearly 300-page document starts by stating that its premise is that school is the place besides home that everyone should feel absolutely safe. However, “Short of transforming our schools into gated communities or prison-like environments, however, no school can be freed entirely from the risk of violence.”
Commission members worked to make its recommendations comprehensive and broad to cover a wide variety of possible incidents and risks. CLICK HERE TO VIEW THE REPORT
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FBI Releases Study on Active Shooter Incidents Covers 2000-2013 Time Frame
SEPTEMBER 2014 - Today the FBI is releasing a study of 160 active shooter incidents that occurred between 2000 and 2013 throughout the U.S. The primary purpose of the study? To provide our law enforcement partners—normally the first responders on the scene of these dangerous and fast-moving events—with data that will help them to better prepare for and respond to these incidents, saving more lives and keeping themselves safer in the process.
But we believe the information contained in this study can benefit anyone who could potentially be in an active shooter situation—like emergency personnel, employees of retail corporations and other businesses, educators and students, government and military personnel, members of the general public, etc.—by giving them a better understanding of how these incidents play out
We began the study in early 2014. With assistance from Texas State University’s Advanced Law Enforcement Rapid Response Training Center, we researched possible active shooter incidents in the U.S. during our selected time frame using official police records, after action reports, and shooting commission documents as well as FBI resources and open source information. We identified 160 events that fit our criteria—individuals actively engaged in killing or attempting to kill people in populated areas (excluding shootings related to gang or drug violence).
Once the incidents were identified—and we’re confident that our research captured the vast majority of active shooter events falling within the specified time frame—we looked at each incident separately to identify its characteristics, then we correlated the data from all of the incidents to get a fuller picture of active shooter incidents in general. (See sidebar for highlights of the study’s overall findings.)
Because so many of these incidents unfold so rapidly, Special Agent Katherine Schweit—who heads the FBI’s Active Shooter Initiative—says she hopes the study “demonstrates the need not only for enhanced preparation on the part of law enforcement and other first responders, but also for civilians to be engaged in discussions and training on decisions they’d have to make in an active shooter situation.”
Using the results of this study, the Bureau’s behavioral analysis experts will now delve deeper into why these shooters did what they did in an effort to help strengthen prevention efforts around the country.
Today’s study is just one of the resources the FBI offers to its law enforcement partners and others to help coordinate and enhance the response to active shooter incidents. Other resources—due in part to last year’s Investigative Assistance for Violent Crimes Act and a federal multi-agency initiative targeting violent crime—include training for first responders, conferences for law enforcement executives, operational support in the event of an active shooter event, and assistance to victims. The Bureau is in a unique position to offer this type of assistance—we’ve played a large role in supporting the response to every major active shooter incident in recent years.
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Report of the State’s Attorney for the Judicial District of Danbury on the Shootings at Sandy Hook Elementary School and 36 Yogananda Street, Newtown, Connecticut on December 14, 2012
The purpose of this report is to identify the person or persons criminally responsible for the twenty-seven homicides that occurred in Newtown, Connecticut, on the morning of December 14, 2012, to determine what crimes were committed, and to indicate if there will be any state prosecutions as a result of the incident.
The State’s Attorney for the Judicial District of Danbury is charged, pursuant to Article IV, Section 27 of the Constitution of the State of Connecticut and Connecticut General Statutes (C.G.S.) Sec. 51-276 et seq., with the investigation and prosecution of all criminal offenses occurring within the Judicial District of Danbury. The Connecticut State Police have the responsibility to prevent and detect violations of the law and this State’s Attorney has worked with and relied upon the Connecticut State Police since the incident occurred.
Heroes Behind the Badge, released in the fall of 2012, is a documentary film featuring some of the brave men and women of law enforcement who put their lives on the line and survived, and those who made the ultimate sacrifice. This inspiring documentary will change the way we look at the men and women of law enforcement and highlight the unselfish acts of bravery they commit each day in the line of duty. Its stories will be powerful, emotional, insightful, and educational. To purchase the full video, visit the National Law Enforcement Officers Memorial Fund at www.nleomf.com
NIH Updates Free Mobile App Featuring Hazardous Materials Information
WISER (Wireless Information System for Emergency Responders) is a mobile application provided by the National Library of Medicine/ National Institute of Health (NIH) to assist first responders in hazardous material incidents.First responders in general, and HAZMAT units in particular, must make many decisions quickly in handling hazardous-materials incidents.
They need accurate information about the hazardous substances, the emergency resources available, and the surrounding environmental conditions to save lives and minimize the impact on the environment and physical property. The WISER application extracts content from TOXNET’s Hazardous Substances Data Bank (HSDB), an authoritative, peer-reviewed information resource maintained by the National Library of Medicine, and places that information into the hands of those who need it most.
Delivers Hazmat Safety Info into the Hands of Emergency Responders
WASHINGTON - The U.S. Department of Transportation's Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA) today announced a free, mobile web app of its Emergency Response Guidebook 2012 (ERG). The new safety tool will provide the nation's emergency responders with fast, easily accessible information to help them manage hazardous material incidents from iPhones and Android devices.
The mobile ERG will make it easier for firefighters, police and other emergency first responders to quickly locate the information they need, thanks to an electronic word search function, and will ensure easy reading even during nighttime emergencies. The 2012 version of the ERG includes new evacuation tables for large toxic gas spills and standard response procedures for gas and liquid pipeline incidents.
New Guide on Best Practices for Emergency Vehicle Visibility
EMMITSBURG, Md. – The U.S. Fire Administration (USFA), supported by the U.S. Department of Justice Office of Justice Programs/National Institute of Justice (NIJ), and in partnership with the Cumberland Valley Volunteer Firemen’s Association’s (CVVFA) Emergency Responder Safety Institute, announces availability of a guide to help emergency services departments increase the visibility of emergency vehicles to motorists in order to keep responders safe during roadway operations.
Vehicle Marking and Technology for Increased Highway Visibility – A Reference Guide for Decision-Makers provides information on best practices in the application of various arrangements of emergency warning devices, creative use of retro reflective decal markings and other innovative designs - all with the intent of increasing the visibility of emergency vehicles to motorists approaching them.
"Enhancing the operational safety of law enforcement officers and firefighters is a major priority of NIJ," said John H. Laub, Director of the National Institute of Justice. "We place a premium on partnerships like this one with the USFA because they multiply our ability to prevent accidents and save lives."
The overall intent of the study was to identify ways to increase visibility of emergency vehicles to motorists approaching them, especially to try to limit rear-end collisions.
May 03, 2012 - Combating Terrorism Center at West Point
Authors: Don Rassler, Gabriel Koehler-Derrick, Liam Collins, Muhammad al-Obaidi, Nelly Lahoud
This report is a study of 17 de-classified documents captured during the Abbottabad raid and released to the Combating Terrorism Center (CTC). They consist of electronic letters or draft letters, totaling 175 pages in the original Arabic and 197 pages in the English translation. The earliest is dated September 2006 and the latest April 2011. These internal al-Qa`ida communications were authored by several leaders, most prominently Usama bin Ladin. In contrast to his public statements that focused on the injustice of those he believed to be the “enemies” of Muslims, namely corrupt “apostate” Muslim rulers and their Western “overseers,” the focus of Bin Ladin’s private letters is Muslims’ suffering at the hands of his jihadi “brothers”. He is at pain advising them to abort domestic attacks that cause Muslim civilian casualties and focus on the United States, “our desired goal.” Bin Ladin’s frustration with regional jihadi groups and his seeming inability to exercise control over their actions and public statements is the most compelling story to be told on the basis of the 17 de-classified documents. “Letters from Abbottabad” is an initial exploration and contextualization of 17 documents that will be the grist for future academic debate and discussion.
UC Davis Pepper-Spraying Incident: After-Action Report
The independent committee reviewing the pepper-spraying of protesters at UC Davis in November 2011 issued its after-action report that cited numerous lapses and errors by campus administrators and police officers, concluding the incident "should and could have been prevented"
Campus Attacks: Targeted Violence Affecting Instituions of Higher Education
This report offers preliminary findings from a review of 272 incidents of violence that affected institutions of higher education in the United States from 1900 through 2008. A joint effort of the Secret Service’s National Threat Assessment Center, the Department of Education’s Office of Safe and Drug-Free Schools, and the FBI’s Behavioral Analysis Unit, this project seeks to address questions regarding where, when, and how these incidents occurred as well as what factors may have motivated or triggered the attacks.
Active Shooter: Recommendations and Analysis for Risk Mitigation
NYPD Counterterrorism Bureau
The New York City Police Department January 20, 2011 released a report, Active Shooter: Recommendations and Analysis for Risk Mitigation, to assist the New York City building security community in preventing and responding to active shooter attacks. The study includes a comprehensive compendium of 281 active shooter attacks that occurred between 1966 and 2010.
Prior Knowledge of Potential School-Based Violence: Information Students Learn May Prevent a Targeted Attack
This study served as a follow-up to the Safe School Initiative (SSI). One of the most significant findings from the SSI is that prior to most school-based attacks, other children knew what was going to happen. In collaboration with the U.S. Department of Education and McLean Hospital (a Harvard Medical School affiliate), NTAC interviewed friends, classmates, siblings, and others in whom school attackers confided their ideas and plans prior to their incidents. Other interviews included students who came forward with information regarding a planned school-based attack, and are believed to have prevented an attack from happening. The goal of the study was to provide information to school administrators and educators regarding possible barriers that may prevent children who have information about a potential incident from reporting that information to a responsible adult.
The Final Report and Findings of the Safe School Initiative: Implications for the Prevention of School Attacks in the United States
In 2002, NTAC completed the Safe School Initiative (SSI), a study of attacks at K-12 schools. Conducted in collaboration with the U.S. Department of Education, the study examined incidents in the United States from 1974 through May 2000, analyzing a total of 37 incidents involving 41 student attackers. The study involved extensive review of police records, school records, court documents, and other source materials, and included interviews with 10 school shooters. The focus of the study was on developing information about pre-attack behaviors and communications to identify information that may be identifiable or noticeable before such incidents occur.
The SSI found that school-based attacks are rarely impulsive acts. Rather, they are typically thought out and planned in advance. Almost every attacker had engaged in behavior before the shooting that seriously concerned at least one adult - and for many had concerned three or more adults. In addition, prior to most of the incidents, other students knew the attack was to occur but did not alert an adult. Rarely did the attackers direct threats to their targets before the attack. The study's findings also revealed that there is no "profile" of a school-based attacker; instead, the students who carried out the attacks differed from one another in numerous ways.
The findings from the study suggest that some school-based attacks may be preventable, and that students can play an important role in prevention efforts. Using the study's findings, the Secret Service and U.S. Department of Education modified the Secret Service's threat assessment approach for use in schools in order to give school and law enforcement professionals tools for investigating threats in schools, managing situations of concern, and creating safe school climates.
Bulletproof Vest Partnership
The Bulletproof Vest Partnership (BVP), created by the Bulletproof Vest Partnership Grant Act of 1998 is a unique U.S. Department of Justice initiative designed to provide a critical resource to state and local law enforcement.
ONE MILLION BVP VESTS: Since 1999, the BVP program has awarded more than 13,000 jurisdictions, a total of $393 million in federal funds for the purchase of over one million vests (1,197,348 as of December, 2014). BVP is a critical resource for state and local jurisdictions that saves lives. Based on data collected and recorded by BJA staff, in FY 2012, protective vests were directly attributable to saving the lives of at least 33 law enforcement and corrections officers, in 20 different states, an increase 13.7% over FY 2011. At least 14 of those life-saving vests had been purchased, in part, with BVP funds.
New Website Provides Facts About Body Armor Standards, Testing and Practical Use
Law enforcement and corrections officers have a new resource for determining how to purchase high-quality equipment that could ultimately save their lives. PoliceArmor.orgfeatures news and information on body armor that meets the standards set forth by the National Institute of Justice (NIJ). Provided by the people who write the standards, test the products and promote officer safety, PoliceArmor.org is a one-stop resource for body armor information.
NIJ and the Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA), both components of the U.S. Department of Justice's Office of Justice Programs, have teamed up to offer tips on how to select, purchase, wear and care for body armor. NIJ's National Law Enforcement and Corrections Technology Center (NLECTC) hosts the site. PoliceArmor.org highlights NIJ's Compliance Testing Program and features targeted messages for law enforcement leaders, female officers and those working in corrections. It also includes real-life accounts of officers who survived potentially deadly assaults.
BJA is actively involved in a variety of officer safety and wellness initiatives and administers the Bulletproof Vest Partnership Grant Act of 1998, which provides federal funds to state and local jurisdictions to purchase vests. NLECTC administers NIJ's voluntary compliance testing programs for personal body armor and provides technical support for PoliceArmor.org. For more information, contact firstname.lastname@example.org.